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        留學生論文網:審計報告格式樣本:SAMPLE AUDIT RE

        時間:2011-02-04 11:05:12 來源:www.equineteleseminar.net 作者:英國論文網 點擊聯系客服: 客服:Damien

        SAMPLE AUDIT REPORT FORMAT

        Water Audit Report:
        November, 1988
        - . Major aoston Hospital
        Boston, Massachusetts
        Prepared By:
        Your Name
        X Y z Hospital
        Boston, Hassachusetts 02111
        I . '
        Water Audit Report
        留學生論文網Major Boston Hospital
        Boston, Massachusetts
        SUMMARY e
        This building consumed 33 million gallons of water in FYI88 at acost of $110,000. Sixty-four percent of that water is used forcooling compressors. Another four percent cools steam condensatebefore disposal. Processes (x-ray developers, kitchen, CSR andlabs) use fifteen percent. Thirteen percent is used for sanitaryand general cleaning.The following table summarizes the measures we found to be costeffective. They represent water savings of 24 million gallons peryearr nearly three qiarters of present consumptlon.Xe recommend that the Hospital implement all of these measures.
        c- ~
        Water Conservation Measure cost Savings Payback
        Control Compressor Coolinq Flow $ 4,000 $ 2 8 , 7 0 0 .2 y r s
        Eliminate Condensate Cooling 1,000 14,900 .1 yrs
        Use chilled Water for Compressors 18 ,OOO 2 1 , 5 0 0 .8 yrs
        Use Chilled Water for One Koldwave 10 , 500 11,000 .9 y r s
        Control X-0-Mat Flow 14,000 4,400 3 . 2 yrs
        $47,500 $80 , 500 .6 y r s
        -
        WATER UTILIZATI3N
        Water Cost
        dater is purchased from the Boston Water and Sewer Commission
        through a meter common to several buildings on the campus.
        ApplicabLe parts of the rate schedule, effective April I, 1 9 8 8 , are:
        $/MCF $/MCF $/MCF $/Mgal
        MCF/Dav Water Sewer Total Total
        0-19 1 2 . 2 3 1 1 . 9 3 24.16 3.23
        i J - 3 9 1 2 . 2 5 1 2 . 0 8 2 4 . 3 3 3 . 2 5
        Major Boston Hospital, 11/88
        .. _.
        Use data indicates that from September, 1987 through August, 1988,31.4 million gallons of water were purchased. Appendix A summarizesthe 21 months of readings. That data is erratic and probablyincorrect for the first year; it appears more consistent fromSeptember, 1987 on, but remains suspect since there is no basis forthe winter peak water use indicated.
        The total cost for water for the iast year, according to availabledata, was $104,600 using an average cost of $2S/MCF. Based on thecurrent effective BWbSC rate, it would have been $101,800.Pro-~ected cost for FYI88 is $106,300.
        - Sanitary
        All toilets are fitted with Sloan standard flushometers. There are175 toilets, 145 lavatories, 64 shower/tubs, 12 bedpan sterilizers
        and 17 janitor's sinks.The daily average population is roughly 600 people weekdays and 400
        c- - people on weekends, or 200,000 people-days per year. Using anaverage of 21 gallons per person-day (3 flushes at 5 gal/flush, .3
        shower/baths at 15 gal/use, 1 washup at 1 gal/use), sanitary useamounts to 12,600 gallons/weekday or 4.2 million gal/yr.
        KitchenHours of operation are 6:OO a.m. to 8:OO p.m. daily. Approximately#p#分頁標題#e#
        4,000 meals per weekday and 2,500 meals per weekend day are prepared
        and served in these facilities. Water using equipment includes:
        -No. Device Use Characteristics Gal/Weekday
        3 Steam Tables 2 fills/day x 20 gal/fill 100
        2 Dishwasher Champion 6 4 Ka ; Better Sui It 2,200
        1 Pot Scrubber cont for 50%; 3/4"svcI 3 gpm 1 ,000
        1 Scullery cont for 50%; 1" svc, 5 gpm 2,000
        12 Steam Kettles 40 gal/fill; 25 fills/day 1,000
        3/4" service, 3 gpm max
        6,300
        This inventory implies about 1-1/2 gallcns of water are used per
        neal. Annual use is 2.0 million gallons.
        Hajor Boston Hospital, 11/88 -2-
        Lab/Glass Washin9
        The f o u r t h floor has one B e t t e r b u i l t 2000 g l a s s washer and (14)d o u b l e width u t i l i t y s i n k s . The s i n k s use 4 gpm when t h e f a u c e t is
        f u l l y open, b u t t h e y are r a r e l y used. The g l a s s washer consumesbetween 30 and 40 g a l l o n s per c y c l e : each step (a d e t e r g e n t wash and
        t h r e e r i n s e s ) u s e s 8 t o 10 g a l l o n s . hater from t h e f i n a l tap waterr i n s e is r e c y c l e d back t o a p r e - r i n s e . There are four c y c l e s perday. Lab u s e is a b o u t 140 g a l l o n s / d a y .
        AutoclavesWater is used t o cool steam c o n d e n s a t e as it d r a i n s . There are s i x
        a u t o c l a v e s i n t h e OR s u i t e which u s e a t l e a s t .5 qpm whenever t h ej a c k e t is b e i n g h e a t e d . They a r e "on" 14 h r s / d a y , 6 days/wk. There
        a r e t h r e e i n CSR which use 1 gpm i n t h e same way; o p e r a t i o n s t h e r eare 10 h r s / d a y , 6 days/wk. Usage f o r t h e n i n e a u t o c l a v e s is 4,300
        g a l l o n s / w o r k d a y , or 1.3 m i l l i o n g a l l o n s / y e a r .c- - CSR has s i x u t i l i t y s i n k s used i n batch w a s h i n g , a C a s t l e cagewasher ( a l s o a batch o p e r a t i o n ) and a P a s t e u r m a t i c i n s t r u m e n t washerr a t e d a t 30 g a l / f i l l . The washers are used i n t e r m i t t e n t l y d u r i n g
        t h e day s h i f t and o c c a s i o n a l l y d u r i n g t h e e v e n i n g s h i f t . There are
        s i x P a s t e u r m a t i c c y c l e s of f o u r f i l l s zach per d a y , two C a s t l e
        c y c l e s of 3 f i l l s per c y c l e and 36 g a l / f i l l . U t i l i t y s i n k use is
        s i x f i l l s per day a t 10 g a l / f i l l .
        Estimated CSR u s e , e x c l u s i v e of a u t o c l a v e c o o l i n g , is 1,300
        g a l l o n s / w o r k d a y or . 4 m i l l i o n g a l l o n s / y e a r .
        Water CrJJled Compressors -
        Medical a i r , medical vacuum, AC and r e f r i g e r a t i o n compressors i n t h e
        sub-casement are water cooled and/or sealed. ( R e f e r t o t h e
        d i s c u s s i o n on p a g e s 8 and 11 f o r d e t a i l s on t h i s equipment.) D a i l y
        http://www.equineteleseminar.net/dissertation_writing/#p#分頁標題#e#use f o r t h e ( 1 9 ) compressors is 57,000 g a l / d a y or 21 m i l l i o n
        g a l l c n s / y e a r -- n e a r l y t w o - t h l r d s of a l l use i n t h i s b u i l d i n g .
        Rad i o logy/X-0-Mat s
        There a r e e i g h t x - r a y d e v e l o p i n g m a c h i n e s (X-0-Mats). The three i n
        t h e ER a r e i n u s e f o r an average of 16 h r s / d a y , t h e one i n t h e OR
        runs about 6 h r s / d a y , s i x days/wk and t h e f o u r i n Radiology run 11
        hours/day, 5 days/wk. Each have a water bath w i t h a cons:ant flow
        of tempered water o f a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1.5 gpm when the u n i t is on.
        When o f f o r i n s t a n d b y , an a u t o m a t i c v a l v e s t o p s flow. D a i l y use is
        8 , 6 0 0 g a l / d a y f o r t h e e i g h t machines. Annual u s e is 2 . 7 m i l l i o n
        g a l l o n s .
        Najor Boston Hospital , 11/88 -3-
        - - .
        WATER CONSERVATION OPPORTUNITIES
        EQUIPMENT COOLING
        During our survey, the following yses were found and the flows
        estimated :
        Total
        Equipment GPM -LS-TO F
        Refrigeration - (7) units with 4 92
        Penn Controls
        Refrigeration - (1) unit with 3 70
        Penn Control
        Vacuum Pump - ( 4 ) units with 1s 70
        no control
        Compressor - ( 4 ) units with 11 70 no control - -
        33 73
        The 33 gpm accounts for 17 million gal/year. A t $3.23/Mgalt cooling
        for the equipment listed above costs $57,70O/year.
        Recommendation
        Add temperature control valves (Penn regulator, for example) tc the
        compressor cooling water discharge lines and set them at 800. The
        refrigeration compressors already have them. The net flow will be
        reduced to an average of 16 gpm.
        $500/valve set will cover all costs so the eight valves can be
        installed for $4,000.
        Circulating pumps and controls in the sub-basement will distribute
        chilled water from the return main t o the compressors and back to
        the return main a few feet downstream. A small bypass will ensure
        uninterrupted flow to protect the pumps. City water connections are
        maintained as backup.
        Major Boston Hospital, 11/88
        I
        -4-
        Total cooling loop costs are:
        General Conditions
        Pad
        Water pipe
        Electric Service
        Isolation Valves r
        Duplex pump controller
        ( 2 ) 1 hp Pump (24 gpm at 4 0 ' )
        Engineering
        Contingency, 10%
        $ 2,000
        400
        8,400
        1 , 200
        800
        1,000
        1 , 000
        $14,800
        1,800
        1,400
        $18 , 000
        Savings
        The six temperature controllers will save 17 g m worth $29,700/yearf
        but valve maintenance will be increased about P 1,00O/year.
        savings will be $28,700. Simple payback on the control valves is
        about two months.
        !?et c- ~
        The chilled water cooling loop will eliminate the remaining 16 gpm
        0-f compressor cooling flow worth $28 , 000/year. The net annual#p#分頁標題#e#
        savings due to the closed loop cooling will be approximately $21,500
        due to increased maintenance expense. Simple payback is 10 months.
        Major Boston Hospital, 11/88 -5
        KOLDWAVES
        Two Koldwave units in Radiology consume about 600 gallons per day at
        an annual cost of about $700. A third Koldwave unit cools the
        transformer room in the sub-basement. This unit runs with
        uncontrolled flow at about 7 gpm a; 700 LWT; it uses about 10,000
        gal/day at an annual cost of $12,000.
        Recommendation
        Install a 3/4" secondary line from the chilled water supply to the
        Koldwave and regulate flow with Penn control valve to maintain a
        discharge temperature of approximately 75O. The city water
        connection may be maintained as a backup.
        The chilled water connection is 200' from the sub-basement
        Koldwave. Project cost will be $10,500. If the compressor cooling
        loop is implemented, combining this loop into that one will save
        c- - installation cost.
        Savings
        Since virtually all the city water will be conserved, net annual
        savings will be about $11,000. Simple payback will occur in 11
        months.
        Hajor Boston Hospital, 11/88
        , - - -
        -6-
        X-0-MATS
        http://www.equineteleseminar.net/dissertation_writing/Constant water flow of approximately 1.5 gpm when the unit is on is
        necessary to remove chemicals and heat. Add a temperature control
        valve t o maintain bath temperature when the unit is idling and be
        fully opened when developing commences.
        Recommendat ion
        Seven Penn regulators at $500 each plus a set of controls at $1,000
        each would cost $11,000. Engineering and miscellaneous cost would
        bring the total to not more than $14,000.
        Savincs
        Assuming half the flow during "on" hours will be conserved with no
        adverse effect on X-0-Mat operation or productivity, water savings
        $3.23/Mgal, net annual savings w i l l be $4,400. Simple payback
        period is 3.2 years.
        c- ~ w i l l be 4,000 gal/day or 1.5 million gallons per year. A t
        Major Boston Hospital, 11/88 -7-
        I
        CONDENSATE COOLING
        There is little reason to continue cooling this condensate. Some
        investigation will be required, including discussion with AMSCO and
        verification of drain materials.
        Recommendation .-
        Shut off condensate cooling water to sterilizers. The investigation
        will cost less than $1,000.
        Savings
        Stopping cooling at the point of use will save all of that and
        $14,900 annually. Payback is almost immediate.
        c- .
        Major Boston Hospital, 11/88
        i . .
        -8-
        ?
        MON YR DYS
        ---
        DEC
        JAN
        PEB
        MAR
        APR
        MAY
        JUN
        JUL
        AUG
        SEP
        OCT
        NOV
        DEC
        JAN
        PED
        MAR#p#分頁標題#e#
        APR
        MAY
        JON
        JUL
        AUG
        8BP
        PY88
        GSP
        -- ---
        30
        87 30
        30
        30
        30
        30
        30
        30
        30
        30
        30
        36
        31
        29
        31
        30
        29
        27
        31
        31
        88 31
        336
        --(M-C--F -1 --
        390.13
        -82 050
        830.67
        11.36
        11.28
        13.51
        1.97
        5.49
        1.44
        229.76
        671.40
        570.49
        543.66
        370.91
        172.32
        508.59
        358.95
        298 60
        34.57
        290.94
        143.03
        311015
        ( H g a l ) (MOD)
        2918 97
        -617 -2 1
        6213 207
        e5 3
        84 3
        101 3
        15 0
        4 1 1
        11 0
        1719 57
        1289 43
        5022 140
        4067 131
        3804 131
        2774 89
        2685 89
        2234 77
        259 10
        2176 70
        1076 35
        ------ -----
        4267 138
        29653 88
        . 10
        9
        . -
        BILLING HISTORY
        Appendix A
        ? 1
        DEVICE ----------
        X-O-MATS
        STM TBLS
        D I SI1 W ASH I NQ
        STM KETTLES
        A I R / V A C COMPR
        REPR COMPR
        A/C
        AUTOCLAVES
        SINKS
        SCULLERY
        POT BCRUB
        UTILITY
        JANITOR
        LAB
        LAVATORY
        CAGE WASHER
        CART WASH ER
        B P STERIL
        SHWR/TUB RM
        FLUSHOMETER
        TOTAL
        NUHBER
        8
        3
        2
        12
        e
        a
        3
        9
        1
        1
        32
        17
        133
        145
        2
        1
        12
        64
        175
        5
        3
        6
        5 3
        4
        1 3
        6
        8 4
        15 2.5
        5 10.3
        -M-G-D- -
        8.6
        01
        2.2
        1
        37.4
        10
        10.6
        6.3
        2
        1
        03
        .3
        01
        04
        1.3
        91
        per day .4
        2.4
        9.0
        U a8
        U U
        EQUIPMENT INVENTORY
        Appendix A
        I
         

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